The Astronomical Observatory of Bologna (OABO) is one of the 17 institutes belonging to National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), operating under the supervision of the Ministry for Education, University and Research (MIUR).
The Ministry provides most of the financial resources which make our activity possible.
The Observatory has contributed significantly to the advancement of Astrophysics in Italy, hosting and supporting some of the most brilliant researchers in the field.
Scientific research carried out at the OABO has always been innovative and of large impact. It has closely followed the trends in the astronomical and astrophysical research of the XX century. Today, the Staff is active in the following fields of research:
- Stellar astrophysics: star formation; open and globular clusters; the galaxy; nearby-resolved galaxies; variable stars; star models;galactic evolution.
- Extragalactic astronomy: active galactic nuclei and star forming galaxies; galaxies, surveys and observational cosmology; gravitational lensing by galaxies and galaxy clusters; physics of the Intra-Cluster-Medium; Large-Scale-Structure of the Universe.
- Technology and software development: instrument design; pipeline development; image simulations.
- Management and upgrading of the two telescopes in Loiano (152 and 60 cm).
- Outreach and educational initiatives, through exhibitions, lectures and workshop.
Most of these studies are based on an intensive use of the most advanced ground-based and space instruments available today at all wavelenghts. They are carried out in collaboration with many international and national institutes and, locally, with The Università di Bologna, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia and with two other research structures of INAF, Istituto di Radioastronomia and Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica-Bologna.
A large fraction of the staff is involved in international long-term projects.